1901

ؼʣ䷨ ˹ ֮ һ

¼͢䲼䷨

һĸʼݡȻһԡġΪʼĸĸһ̣ȱ⣬οܳɹͬʱ⻹һļʧݣں嫵ʷҵ˱ݵڣЩصΪܳ͢͢ȺΪ棬Ͷ˵˵Ļ͢δ˼ѹ

ĸ̫ͣΪȨǿ

1901129գĴ̫Թʵ۵壬һĸͣ˵

Ų֮һɲ֮ɷDz峣Ȼ֮ɱңɪ֮ҡ

˼˵峣ܸģʵ۵ͳβܱ֮⣬еһжԸĸǿ˶ߵֵһȷ衱۹˴߶ȵĸĸռ䡣Ҳ˱˶㣬ĩĿʼ

ʼߣֻȨ

йδã

йδáǰ˹ռ֮ٵҪһ⣬ͬʱҲ̫ĵ⡣

ԭʦѧܽϰԻƻĹ۵Ҳߴԡϸ¶ʮϺݽ˵

Ϊ֮ƣʵ۸٣ʹ֮һˣйɰ󻼿ӡεйɢӪ飬жԱ̱ΪԼ졣ʡٱʡٹ̫سͣ˱ͣ򲻿˱Ҳ

ϼǿ̫󣬷ֲ̨ԵԵʱ͢ڲŽȻ෴Ĺۺ̬ȡϰѴΪй˶סŵͬ屣ܴԹֳѰ֧ͬ֡ڶֽȻ۴̫صġ˵DZֺ˺ͳߡǰ߱;߱壬ˡм䣬ֵֽĹۺĴ̫󡣡еһ⣺йĸӰһʼ֮ģǶģΨһǹۣܵǺ˸ĸҵӰ졣ڵҳԱֻйֳܹ㷺ʶͳԽƫϣӦֽ֧Ȩرֵǵͬ顣϶Թ̨ûĻʵͳεĶʱһ겻񡱣˵ġʧˡ

ϵЩйڸʮճľ̩ϱʽܽᡢҪݰ(1)Ϊ˸̫ѣڸͬ鶨£𣬻ָ۵ĺϷȨ(2)ȡ̫󷢶䲼һĵί״Ȩ߳⣻(3)ָ۵ĸĸ﷽ڸ׼ִУ(4)ø淶ΧָɴΧڵĸʡж

ѧܸĦ̫ҲڸʮΪǿⶩһݡй飬ӡԹοĻ£

ĿǰйȻûһβִԼȨͨһܲ߻ʹȫս״̬˳ڱֱʡУȱ֯һµġܹάʹй˺˻ó־úƽ뷱ٵڸ

1ڸһ˺һй˹ͬɣ 2.ÿһDzһפйĴɶΪԱ 3йܶѲͬĿ(Ʃ˵ʮ)ΪԱЩ˱ǿεģ 4ڸҪǣ(1)Ʋ(2)й(3)ӵرйҵһ򼸹棻 5ڸ󽫲κһֱӹϽ 6Ӧ֯һ߹ʷͥڸһ⣻ 7ڹʱɸʡϽڵ򣬲DzԮȱ

Դ̫δã

Ħ̫ǵʵҲǿǵǿҪǰһǡסͰѳ͢Ȩġǡǡʹ̫صصΧ֮ڣΪΩˣǿſܴе顰ͼפչʹʢĻ˵ǣй뽫󳼸ѡ󳼣һ͡˴ġָǿƷ͢˹ͳ˧ߵúŷձ޴ͳδķ֮һ

ǿƷ͢ǰ£ǿй飬δô̫󣬾ͳĺġϴӵһֱ۵Ľ㣬ŵ⣬ʹϻ˿ǰһµͳһƩ磺ӢϺĺࡶ˵ϣпܰѹʵѰڻλ֮ϡͬʱйָĿǰսǴ̫󡱣¹±˵пܣӦָ粻ܣӦɫһͬϵ»ʵ֮ۡӴ󰢸ļ̳ȨӦȥӦŦԼʱ˵ǿʹפõӰ죬ָֻ۵Ȩɽõİ취Ǽ¡

ڻʿϵ̬Ϊ9£20ĴԼ400ӢʿϺµҪ󡰻ָĺϷȨѸٺʵسʹԴ̫ɿҵĹԱ

δô̫ǿδйҪݡ¹ֽͰĻסΪ̸ġȾԣνףЩһӢΪͰ̫ǾԲܵġΪʵĽǶȿǣ⡰ðŷй֯ΣգŷҲDzġ

Լġ̫󲻸һؾ

ǿϣһй̫ҹԼȨǿᡣδɶߵĹݣΩ̫󷢲ĸ͡

ƽĶۣһԸĸˣ䷴ԸĸΨڸĸвȨ֮ʱɱά޹غֻǴȨƶţͬ޹غֻΪ˱סԼȨǿĹѹˡ1901ȸĸͣβ޶¡

ּ֮ܶԻ˵⡣ϸ򽭳һµϷ𡰶ϻйԵ˻νӹΰйעʱֵı仯dz͢ζڽӵ֮ĵһӦдŸھĹϵϣŪּ·˳룿޳ɣ

ڸϢķһּԡʥ⡱õ»¹صġ޳ɡ֮һΪ͢Ҫ䷨ˡܿ죬Ѳ֮ȴһ亹ڵ籨˵ھ¾ܱิ䷨ƫƣּκΣȻ͸ҹŷۣ򲻸ŭ֮޷⣺䷨£͢䷨ֲص䷨Ҫʲô䷨Ŀʲô

Ϊ̽͢䷨ʵͼ֮صµ¹ѯ֮硰ʡô¡ڵ籨ǣ˼ġ˺һ˼ǿͼలǶľ¡ɡǾٹ׿ģк洦Ωƶй˱һԴ֮ˣƽң費Ϊӡ

ϣ¹ش֪»ʵ̬ȡЩĸ᰸ǿеģЩĸõ´Σ԰(»)͸񣿸ʡܷʵࣿļ¿ţ

¹صĻص֮˵֮˼óԼı䷨᰸ͬʱȴּίذʾòҪʲôѧ ؾжѧĿ˹֮

󸴵¹أʹпйˡ䷨֮ѾԶⲻԸϮƤëݿʵȻ̾ˣ䷨δ⣬ãйչӣDZ䷨֣ΪԸ־ʿԸߣָйɷҲǷ֮νҲ

ϴһʱڵţҪйо֣Ωбһߡ̸ףȴƤëѧһ̸»ȫɨ֮¹شϢȻʹýһ棬µ֮ҪظӦ͢ı䷨ͣһ棬綫ϸʡͱ䷨⡰ͨϣͬóһ䷨ˣиеΡ1901ʮʡ֮ۡһʵġ䷨ۡ

䷨ۡľݴ˴ȥ̸мϸںֵע⣺һdz͢䷨ּ֮Ҫʡ࣬£Ȼûһλ͢Լı䷨Ǹѹ֮󣬳͢Ŵδߴ֮࣬ȴ±ʣǼѡ۲쳯ҰηܶģһΪ͢δһֻ೯͢ϣԺ佨鱻͢أδ·ۣǴһʱڵ֮˼뼤ǺšСԺ͡١ԱЩŲûд壬ԭǣʡλĹУ֮ԺʱһˣΪ͢ġ䷨߶ȲԺ

䷨ۡӳ˳͢涨Ļڼ֮͵ִ̫ֳٶ۱ǵ۹طԳ͢ĸػɡԬһߴ֮һջĵ籨жԾСǡϵ˵൱͸

ǰ粻д߶֮ؾ̣ȻǺ󣬸ҪЮԸִ֮㣬尲?һұ䷨ȻǺжҪЮУִУԤǶ֮ȰѡǿһԼġ̫Dzһؾġ

ȺȭųΪͽ

ǿģ1901߲͢εɡڳ̨䷨֮⣬һҪֶΣǶŵȺȺ1901꣬뵽йÿһ䡣

ռǣع

˶ǰɽ̫ԭ̫ϯ˽ν̣׫Сիռǡʵ¼곯͢ȭǵȺȺʽʽԾ˵

1ɽģطֻý񣬶ò̵ƽ񣬾˽⣬ĿģΪ˻˶ɽ˶½⣺֮ʱУŰظٲһ棬Ωһ⸧ѭ£޼ɵӣǺ޽ӡ֮񣬹ٽãСڰ֮֮񣬼ҰδŹٿãԾˮ֮Уˣ߽֮غ (1901416)

2طٽ̰һҪԽ֮Ϊʥּáȭ񡱣 칵̫Ȳϯ壬ȥϰȭߡָ֮ϵھΪߣֲڼңȭ񡣴ϵԴҲ൷򣡽֮ǿظPȭйٲܱΩ֮ɺ?ᡣ1901521գ

磺̫ԭһ֮ع֮죬Ψǰָ̰֮Ӷѡ֮ʱij־壻⣬֮ܰ?¸֮ʮý(ÿ)δ֮񣬼У֮ʣ˹ɢ֮һҲ1901522)

ܽ˵һձȥϰȭߣׯУĽ֮ԣ֮ʹҲһ棬ڼ̣νְءɥʧ

йåẈ̂ѣ񣬶便عŹɶ֮伢ʣպź֪ճضϼӸտݷƶһԡð֮񣬶֮áϲ峯֮͢⣬²֮顣֮عŹ֮Ψ̻ӽ񣬻Űգ֮˽ѡ̷ӣֱ⡣˴񣬶åвȻߺ?ԻΪԨߣ̡ҲΪߣҲ̶ʡν͢ġɿйգỊֹ̄ܽdzɥʧҲ

̵ȭҲ

ͨƽ񲻿طĺڰΪ󱣻̣൱ձ飬Ʃ1889ɽ£ǡϢdz£ʹׯһ񸸣Ҷڽ̣̻ᱣ

߷ζģķȷŵȭǣҲòѡ̡ݡȭʱأӪͷΪӱܹٸ׷̡νٸ׷Ǹ֮͢Ϊȡ˶תȺȭȭķԴɽأȭɽΪձ飬Ľ̰غ԰󲿷־Үս̡ԵΪˡ裬ν衱롰ԵطٸȺ

ͳƣ1901굽1910ʮ깦йͽԭ70˼130ˣһ1901굽1904ֻ꣬3깤йĻ̽ͽѴ8ӵ13ˣ1914ȷչ25ˡ

1905꣬˱ξǣȥˣźصȻϿš˵

ҵһεڸ±ĵ꣬ʱʹ£е̸ɫӣȴǺ棬ƫϲȭ˵顣ʿջĻƣDZ㼱æķֱ˵Dzȭˣ֪ȭ˵¡ʵDzûȭˣֻʱôˡǡ羪֮񣬺ʵҲѹֵġΪȻбӣȴòģ˴صĶ£êģñյñӣҿϷˣȻҲɽϵͬѧϱȥҲҪϱߣһȺˣ֪Ǻ⡣οʱ֮£˭ǷԡëӡأǮͬڱԱһԼȭˣʱѾĵͽˣķ﹩Үպʥĸǵÿ絻ݺϡʲôԵڽ̵?شúֱ˵Ϊǵ飬ǵ仰ȥʮˡ

ǵΪʲô᲻飿ΪǵԱǵΪһҪ෴ȴ˵ڽǰǵȨϷ֮С

 

ʦѧõܽϰ֮󣬶ϡǴŶй˿ݺˡɱʿˣΪʲôʹͷ⡱ɽɽŽDZԶġʮ־ۡطɱʿصķΪ賥ΧʹݵѩܣijЩ˵üԳʹǡÿһɱŮʿô500йŮÿһѳѵдʿ1000йӵԳÿһʿĺ޹ɱ100йø˵Ĵ̵ʩԴ̣ÿһ⵽պͽӵĴʿĽͱ100йݲԵֳܡᡱġʡĻôΪڶʹ̫֮䣬Ϊµľʦѧõܽϰս͸̡

鱨

ؿ鱨Ϊ˶˶ֳ׷̬ȡ鱨ˡŵϻ¡֮졷˵ŷ֮ң̷Ƕ֮ʵз֮Ҳ֮磬ɱ˹ʹϿ֮ҰӡȻʹΪҰΪ֣ոˡ

컪

ͻͷ߳컪ڡаѸΪҰ֮֮࣬͡Ϊ˶ڡҰ֮׶ǡƻ޽衱컪ԺһЩʱŵȱ˸Ϊļ֣˵˼ǺܺõģȴмIJôʵ죬ааС˵һμٹ£￿סײˣװ׵ҪɱˣɱЩǧˣҪɱһõˡŲŪĻ

̫190217գ͢ص20Ժ˸פʹֻǵķˡʿл۹ϵʷ˵ʽͷβڸ񡢸ׯϺ͸ǰδеĸ½еģ֮رֵע⣬Ϊ̫һټй¶桱ڻʹڷʱ˳ġСЩʹݱΧʱܾŵķʺ򣬡Ϊ˵һᡱһץסʹ˵֣üûзſҭ˵ʹǼĴΪˡĪ

ʯ

1903꣬ʯα˻ʳǽ˴ĿĵһĻԶʹijӵԱޣϣ˳С·Աʩ֮Աãܴ򣬴Ų˷ˣִ֮(ΰ)֪ΪߣҲ!δʼ飬Ρռ˶ԴǸˡͬʧ

ɱ

ɱ񡣸󣬱ϵġͲˡ̩֮ĵһʧˣռ²ˡ³ʤĵСȭ¡һģദƽð񡱡ðˡðвٶ˽ѵҲı˾״̬

˹

Ա˹ͽڱΪдšףЧ⡱(ף,ף丣,ף)֮󣬴󡱵Ĺʿ𡢰ӵʱΪ١ʢǰ˹͡칦ҡɡѾǸĸʱ˼أࡰơʳߡʤö١ռΪձ裬ֱձ֮ԾӡΪȡš񡯡ռ춫ЩӶԡȫơƸƣǮͺã۶ϲ㹹ڡڡϵˡ

ؼʣ ˹ ֮ ䷨ һ

ű˹ʱ¶ڶĿɳڶɱ°ӵıС1904꣬¶䣺

ǰڼʱֻ֪Է˯ǷܷΪҲ£ƭ㹦ҫ鹰ˡ֪ʲôʲôϵأ˼꣬˵иʲôձйˡ˸꣬ʲôӢ¹¹ձ˹ϾйˡʱҲãϵˣԭǷһһģ˽˽磬¡йҲ֮һҲй֮һˡһʢ˥裬ȫ˶һܣһѵóء뵽һ亹ʮֲʮ֪꣬иң֪ȫ˵Ĵң֪ӦҵĴ塣

Ű͢Ѫɺ֮˳¶Ĺҹۡ

ԴϺ꡶йʷϴԿšй硶̰ᡷϺ硶ʿй硶·ʮ꣺йũʶıǨȡ

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